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Информация за страница Universities

National universities are generally created or run by a national state but represent a state autonomic institution at the same time, which functions as a completely independent body inside of the same state. Some of them are closely associated with national political or cultural aspirations, for instance the National University of Ireland in the early days of Irish independence collected a large amount of information on both the Irish culture and language. Reforms in Argentina were the result of the University Revolution of 1918 and its posterior reforms by incorporating values that sought for a more equal and laic higher education system. Universities created by bilateral or multilateral treaties between states are intergovernmental. Nearly all the universities have a board of trustless although each institution is organized in a different way. They are generally divided into a number of academic departments, faculties or schools. Public university systems are ruled over by government-run higher education boards.

   They review financial requests and budget proposals and then allocate funds for each university in the system. Also they approve new programs of instruction and cancel or make changes in existing programs. They plan for the further coordinated growth and development of the various institutions of higher education in the state or country, in addition. Many of the public universities in the world, however, have a considerable degree of financial, research and pedagogical autonomy. Private universities are privately funded and generally have broader independence from state policies. They may have however less independence from business corporations depending on the source of their finances. Both the funding and organization of the universities varies widely between different countries around the world. Universities in some countries are predominantly funded by the state, while in others funding may come from donors or from fees which students attending the university must pay. The vast majority of students in some countries attend university in their local town while in other countries universities attract students from all over the world and may provide university accommodation for their students. Even within some countries, the definition of a university varies widely.

   There is no nationally standardized definition of the term in the United States although it has traditionally been used to designate research institutions and was once reserved for doctorate-granting research institutions. Some of the states will only grant a school “university status” if it grants at least two doctoral degrees. The term university may be used to describe a phase in one’s life. Many of the students look to get grants to cover the cost of university. The average outstanding student loan balance per borrower in the United States was 23 300 $ in 2012. Costs in many US states are anticipated to rise for students as a result of decreased state funding given to public universities. There are some big exceptions on tuition fees. It is possible to study without tuition fees in many European countries. Public universities in Nordic countries were entirely without tuition fees until the latter part of the first decade on the twenty-first centuty.

Етикети:   Courses , Colleges , Degree , Online education , Schools
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